Photo by Grant Whitty on Unsplash

“…by the power of the Holy Spirit, he became incarnate from the Virgin Mary, and was made human”. — The Nicene Creed

Rowan Williams writes that “the real and deepest paradox [of the story of Christ] is that only the Creator can exhibit fully what it is to be a creature.” [1] “He who alone is unlimited in form and being (essence and existence) appears in the patience of the longsuffering of the most extreme limitation — in the ‘deformed’ form of the crucified slave.”[2]This destitution and its aftermath is the goal of what the Holy Spirit and Mary do…

A fascinating story, indeed. However, if so many Christian manuscripts have been destroyed, how do we know? We do know that some 25000 whole and partial manuscripts of the New Testament exist today, from which our best critical editions are drawn. And think of all the pagan works that Christians preserved. For instance, the Arab Muslims are credited with bringing Aristotle to the West, and justly so — including important commentators like Avicenna. But they had his works because Eastern Christians preserved them.

Also, in Luke-Acts the disciples are not ready at the Ascension, but at Pentecost, and even then they were neophytes. Acts is about their learnings along the Way, so to speak.

It sounds as if this fabulous codex belonged to a minority church of which we otherwise have no trace.

This article is overly-ambitous, undernourished with facts. You fail to explain why there have been more Christian martyrs in the past one hundred years than all the centuries before, for instance.

Nicely done! I always had a lot of admiration for Hawking as a physicist — what a mind! But as far as theology is concerned, he never went beyond an seventh-grade level, if that.

At leaast the Pastafarians have fun, even if their "deity" is just a powerful alien. That being is not God. If God is real, then God is also not a datum of the univeerse...or the multiverse, either.

Photo by Alessandro Armignacco on Unsplash

Everyone knows that Columbus proved that the earth was not flat, as the church held.

Everyone knows that Copernicus was persecuted for theorizing that the earth revolves around the Sun, contrary to the Bible.

Everyone knows that Galileo valiantly defended scientific truth against the oppressive obscurantism of a despotic Catholic Church.

Everyone knows that Darwin’s theory of evolution was condemned by Christians, who fought it tooth and nail.



In an important new book, Flat Earths and Fake Footnotes: The Strange Tale of How the Conflict Between Science and Christianity Was Written into History (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2021; xii-359pp)…

I suppose this article would be shocking to certain fundamentalists. If that is your intent, well and good. Otherwise, it is too simple.

Screeds are not good philosophy. Repeating the myth of the war between science and Christinaity doesn't help. You can do a much better job of attacking Christianity, Benjamin, than this.

One detail, often overlooked, in Romans 1:24f is that Paul is quoting someone else. Romans 2:1 is in the second person singular: to whom is he talking?

Having been a starving artist, I think you have an overly romanticized view of artistic creation. As for Christian utopia, what you describe is not the new creation but the old, not perfected but gutted.

Most theologians these days are content with some randomness, e.g., Lonergan, Peacocke, Polkinghorne... But God the baker? Wow.

Photo by Jonatan Lindemann on Unsplash

To unpack this title, let us mull over the meaning of I John 4:7–16, which is love.

“Love” appears some 111 times in the New Testament, as a noun (ἡ ἀγάπη). As a verb (ἀγαπάω), it appears 128 times, including as “beloved” (Ἀγαπητοί). The word famously distinguishes itself from other Greek words for love, storge(affection, such as mother and child), philia (friendship: “no greater love than this…”), and eros (romantic love).[1] Agape (or caritas) is how God loves — it is the divine nature.

7 Beloved, let us love one another, because love is from God; everyone who loves is…

Pierre Whalon

Bishop in charge, Convocation of Episcopal Churches in Europe, 2001–2019. French-American. Musician, composer, author, happily married.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store